Livestock Guardian Dogs:
Livestock guardian dogs are an effective deterrent. The Kangal Shepherd dog is commonly bred and specially trained for this task. Livestock guardian dogs are trained to alert of wolves nearby or run down predators until they are comfortably far from livestock herds. Wolves are intelligent animals and learn to steer clear from distressing circumstances that they experience (as being persued by dogs). Chances are, if a wolf percieves that a dog (or multiple dogs) is nearby, they may see it as a threat to them or their pups, and will avoid conflict all together. Wolves can pass on this fear to their offspring, which enables them to avoid situations where they associate the danger; making livestock guardian dogs one of the most effective tactics.
DO'S and DON'TS with LGDs
Analize the size of the ranch. If you have a small amount of land, with less livestock, you may only need one or two LGDs. If you have a larger amount of land, you will need at least more than 2 dogs.
Do research and determine which breed is best suited for your ranch. Some of the best LGDs include: Kangal Shepherd dog, The Pyrenean Mountain Dog (Great Pyrenees), Anatolian Shepherd Dog, Kuvasz, nad the Tibetan Mastiff.
Don't encourage fighting between the wolf and the dog. Instead, the dog will bark aggressively to alert the herder that a wolf is nearby. Most likely, the wolf will have fled at the presence of a dog.
Keep dogs away from wolf dens during April through July (when wolf pups are most vulnerable) to avoid conflict between protective wolves and the dog.
Electric fencing functions similarly to the livestock guardian dog method. Electric fences act as a barrier, and anything that attempts to cross it will be non-fatally shocked. Like the livestock dogs, wolves will associate the livestock with painful experience and avoid it all together.
Turbofladry is a fencing tool that is used for deterring predators--particularly wolves. The fencing conducts an electrical current and bright red flags along the wire.